Aloe vera also known as aloe vera, aloe vera, aloe or aloe Curacao Barbados, is a succulent plant Xanthorrhoeaceae family. It is native to northern and eastern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. It has been introduced and cultivated in the Canary Islands (Spain) and in Mexico.
Until the nineteenth century, the most popular name was “bitterness”.
It is a perennial plant with succulent leaves in rosettes, reaching 50 cm long, 7 thick, the leaves are composed of three layers: a leathery protective outer fibrous layer beneath it, where is concentrated aloin the active ingredient used as a laxative in pharmaceutical preparations, and whose bitter taste to the plant serves as protection against predators, and a gelatinous heart where it stores its water and the countless preparing pharmaceuticals. The leaves are long, lanceolate, and seem to spring directly from the soil in juveniles, the older have a short, sturdy stems.
Aloe vera flowers are small, tubular, and occur in dense inflorescences often colored yellow.
Aloe flowers usually require cross pollination to fertilize and this is usually accomplished by birds and butterflies especially because these preferential vision to control gastritis colors help
The aloe is grown for medicinal use and as an ornamental plant.
In some regions, often popularly called the Aloe saponaria Aloe vera (Aloe maculata). While the latter may have similar medicinal properties, at the pharmacist is important for proper identification of the species. (See below for other medicinal Aloe species).
Currently, there are over 250 known varieties of aloe, of which only three or four have significant medicinal or healing properties. The most powerful of these, rich in vitamins, minerals, amino acids and enzymes is Barbadensis Miller Aloe, commonly known as aloe vera.
The word “aloe” is derived from the Arabic “alloeh” which means “shining bitter substance”, the word “see” comes from Latin and means “true.” In that ancient era, this variety was considered the most effective drug product. It is not known how long recognized as a medicinal plant. A pharmaceutical applications, the more ancient records, can be found on a Sumerian clay tablets in the year 2100 a. C., but there are reports of drawings of the plant in the ancient Egyptian temple walls since 4000 a. C.
The aloe vera is similar in appearance to an agave, which belongs to the family Agavaceae. It only grows in warm climates and is found especially in the drier regions of America, Asia, Europe, Africa and Australia.